Established before West Virginia became a state, Tyler County was formed in 1814, through an act of the Virginia Legislature. Throughout its history, Tyler County has thrived as an agricultural center, a hub for river and railroad transportation, one of the world’s first centers of oil and natural gas production and processing and a center for innovative manufacturing of lubricants and gasoline, natural gas liquids, glass, fabricated steel and aluminum, chemicals and plastics.

Tyler County’s richness in resources resulted the building of some of the great fortunes of the day, the outward signs of which survive in National Historic Districts, National Historic Sites and museums.